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The memory of names - Place names in and around Kfarsghab
by Youssef

place Value significance explanation
Al Namous >al namous derived from Naous, general term which means Tomb. In this neighborhood, there is a small artificial cave dug in the rock called Mghorit El Jenniyey - the cave of the fairy - and which could be an old tomb.
Arid Al Hajj <arid >al haj Al `Arid could mean the flat field, Hajj means pilgrim (to Mekka and in some rare cases to Jerusalem) Literally, "the field of the pilgrim", reminiscence of the ownership of this field by a Moslem dignitary (Shiite ?).
Haqlet Hablos haqlit hablos the field of Hablos Hablos (Hablas) is a surname known in Lebanon (and also in Egypt). The Patriarch Estephan Al Douiahy quotes in his history several clergymen bearing this surname. In Tripoli, it was even a name of a Moslem worship place called "Mal Hablas Biljoun" (1519 AD) (Dr. Issam Khalifé - Lebanon in the file of Istanbul -Beirut 1999).
Al Harim >al harym the place reserved to the women (Harem) place rather of Islamic tradition or from Haram (sacred, consecrated for pagan gods). In the village, the tradition says that Shiite women used to gather in this place for washing and bathing, the place being irrigated by the torrent elMsil.
`Ayn Al Sabha <ayn >al sabha Al Sabha fountain possible reminiscence of the family of Ibn Al Sabha (see in this site the story of Ibn Al Sabha). No Sabha family is counted among the present Kfarsghab families.
Al Maql`ae >al maqla> The quarry One can see in the village stones taken from there
Al Maq`od >al maq<od the seat place of meeting and discussion (Agora)
El Sh^hiray >al shyrh probably the place where charcoal is prepared (Mach-hara) possible if taken into account the proximity of the small forest
El Sik-riyé >al sikriyh   small plain below the church of Saint Awtel.
Al Qale`e >al qali< rocks probably the oldest part of the village. It is a small rocky hill easy to strengthen (from where perhaps the name of Kfarsghab -fortified village- is derived)
Al Ghwaibé >al ghwaybih The small forest  
Al Buhaireh >al bhayrih the lake  
Alkhandaq >al khandaq the ditch for irrigation
Almsil >al msil the running water Kfarsghab is surrounded by two torrents and is crossed by another one. Al Msil is the torrent which separates Kfarsghab from Bane.
Almarj >al marj the small plain  
Almarjeh >al marjih the smaller plain  
Alqattin >al qattyn small and narrow place in the bottom of the valleys Common name in the villages of North Lebanon
Elhorsh >al hrs the village forest. Each village had its Horsh.
Elbaal >al ba<il High-place. intended for the worship of Baal. land consecrated to Baal Many villages have their Baal in their higher parts. According to the tradition, a land qualified as "Baal" is one which is not irrigated by a source and is the plantations cultivated there do not require irrigation (irrigated by the will of Baal, agricultural god par excellence).
Elkroum >al krwm the vineyards There are the high vineyards and the low vineyards. In the Hellenistic era in the region, the Deity Helios-Kronos could have been the equivalent of EL-Akroun[m] (hence Jabal Akroum to the North according to Dr Youssef Hourani in his book Majahil Tarikh Al Finiqiyyeen - First Edition 1999 - Dar Al Thaqafah - Beirut p. 78). EL-Kroum could be derived from this period and dedicated to this deity, especially that El-Kroum is adjacent to the sacred region of Baal.
Al Keddaneh >al kiddanih    
Brahin S hour Brohyn Shwr    
Al Qammou<ah >al qammou<ah    
Al Thlaijeh >al thlayjeh small snow or tell Aijeh tell Aisheh ?
Al Qlaynsieh >al qlaynsiyeh the small hermitage  
Alqarqouf >al qarqwf the skull A rock with the shape of a skull could be seen in this area, near Al Qlaynsieh
Horba horbah the empty place  
El N'orine >al nqaryn the stone cutters ?  
Elhawla >al hawlah Non consecrated land. Communal land Geographically, Hawla is opposite to Baal
Almahqon >al mahqon the water tank  
Haret el tahteh harit >al tahtah the low district  
Haret el fawqa   the high district  
Shir el hmam syr >al hmam the rock of the pigeons in arabic, could be also the rock Haram (from Hama) rocky headland overlooking Marj; maybe consecrated to Baal for the offerings
El nabou^oh >al nabw<ah the small source  
Ain Al smaileh <ayn >al smayleh slaimeh = statue of the god - Sanam, Salam the fountain of the statue of the god, all the neighborhood was consecrated to Baal
Mar ghostine mar ghostyn Saint Augustin old church in the area of Marj, fallen in ruins and whose restoration was undertaken by our cousin Khairallah Abboud.
Mart mouro mart moura Saint Moura of local tradition. Church located in the area of the source of the village. Each village of the North has practically a church dedicated to Mart Moura. Next to Mart Moura of Kfarsghab, there is traditionally the old cemetery of the village. During the festival of Mart Moura (September 26), the village meets and celebrates there a mass dedicated for the rest of the souls of those forebears and then, a pastoral meal is organized and the children explore the cave of Mart Moura, from where comes the source of the village.
Mghorit mart mouro mghorit mart moura the cave of Mart Moura  
Al Mtall >al mtall Open area located on the valley side of the village, or shady used in the old times to call people on the other side of the valley, below Mtall, the region is very shady with a lot of trees
Al' Otih >al >oti< the bank of the valley opposed to Mtall  
Al 'ro^ir >al >ro>yr The lambs or the limits (of the village) from qa`aqour and plural qa`aqir area at the bottom of the valley between Kfarsghab and Aïn Tourine, probably used during the wintertime as place of hibernation of the herds far from the snow.

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